PM 2.5 dust, air problems that have a harmful effect on long-term health

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PM 2.5 dust, air problems that have a harmful effect on long-term health

One of the air problems in Thailand. That has continued to intensify is the problem of PM 2.5 dust. Which has risen again this year to levels above the standard in many areas. Of course, this problem has affected the health of people of all genders. All ages broadly Especially among those with chronic diseases And it seems that this time the PM 2.5 dust problem appears much more serious crisis than last year. So how can we cope and protect ourselves from this air problem? Medical Laboratory Analysis Service Center, Medical Line Lab, has the answer at ทางเข้า ufabet

What is PM 2.5 dust ?

PM 2.5 is a tiny dust particle with a size of no more than 2.5 microns. Or approximately 1/25th of the diameter of a human hair. The PM 2.5 value is one of the air quality standard measures that indicate the air pollution situation in each area. At what level? Is there an impact on health? Thailand’s air quality index is divided into 5 levels, from 0 to more than 300, with each level having a different impact on health. In general, an air quality index of 100 is equivalent to the air quality standard in the atmosphere. generally If the air quality index is higher than 100, it means that the concentration of air pollution exceeds the standard and the air quality on that day may have an impact on health.

How does PM 2.5 dust occur?

PM 2.5 dust is a result of many types of activities such as engine combustion, construction, forest fires, forest burning, smoke from burning garbage. Or pollution from factories to smoking Lighting incense and candles, burning paper. Setting off fireworks, grilling food, etc., all of which are caused by human activities. Originally these smoke or dust particles would rise into the atmosphere. But if the weather is closed, these fumes or dust particles will not be able to escape. Therefore accumulates in the air and causes the PM 2.5 value to soar. We have to wait for the sky to open. Air can move normally even though it becomes thinner.

How does PM 2.5 dust affect your health?

As already mention is a very small dust. Therefore, it can easily travel into the respiratory tract through the air sacs, lungs, and bloodstream. When initially exposed to PM 2.5, it may result in coughing, sneezing, eye pain, irritated eyes, red eyes, watery eyes, or hives. And if PM 2.5 is received in Large doses or for a long time may increase the chance of heart disease and respiratory diseases such as chronic respiratory disease, allergies, asthma, ischemic heart disease. Cerebral artery disease and emphysema or cause these diseases to become more serious and when accumulated in lung tissue to a certain level These toxic dusts cause lung function to deteriorate and increase the chance of lung cancer. In addition, PM 2.5 dust can affect the growth of the fetus. It also causes newborns to weigh less than normal.